Bird’s Eye View
Worm’s Eye View
Point Of View
Over the Shoulder
Long Shot- Wide Shot
Extreme Close Up
Future Dystopia Creative Writing
I quietly sit on the tallest skyscraper alone, watching our home. Beyond my reach, I stared at it. The surface that used to be full of greens and blues, now turned to browns. Its surroundings that used to be white, now turned dull grey. I scanned my vision to every part of this city. People, who seemed to forget that their homes were devastated before, are busily working like nothing was ever taken from them. They used to take care of and preserve nature, but now they have forgotten the importance of the trees and oceans. Although some, who still value their memories in their old planet continue to conserve nature that was once a part of them.
I don’t hate this planet because without it all of us will vanish into extinction, leaving no living organism in this cruel world. However, I don’t like it either. The revolting smell of the city suffocates me. Its metallic smell, that tastes like rust, brings illness to the people, slowly killing each and every one of us. I can feel the disgust running through my veins as I look at my surroundings. The scorching sun felt like an arrow, piercing my dry, sensitive skin. The sun, which gives light and energy to everyone, doesn’t look as bright as it was in our old planet because it is nearer than where we live in today. Mars, our new planet, is surrounded by many unwanted gases that makes people susceptible to diseases. The people are helplessly suffering from iron overload. Annually the population is going down because doctors nor other citizens does not want to help people who has the disease. Why would they, when the only treatment to it is to get some of the sick person’s blood? Everyone of us have this disease, so why would we help when it will only risk our lives?
I hear an ambulance siren slowly approaching near to where I’m at. They carried a person, who collapsed in the middle of the road probably because of iron overload, to the van. It was quite a pity. The people just walked past the old man a while ago, like no one died before them. This is the reason why they disgust me. They act like they don’t feel any emotion, any sympathy to the people around them. They act like they won’t ever die the same process as the old man. But they will, eventually. They can’t really control it… because they didn’t quite think about the consequences in giving up their old, wooden homes, in order for them to be transported in a rich city which they always dreamt about. They had greed for money, wealth. This made them become heartless, selfish and not caring for others.
The sun went down so fast. The moon has always been missing at this planet. The sky has no moon, no stars, and just… pitch black. There’s no light in darkness except for the city lights powered by electricity which keeps nighttime not as scary as living on this planet.
I stand up, and walk towards the door. I turn the knob to open the portal to our house. When I arrived, I saw my mum just watching the television. Everyone changed since they lived in this planet. Even my mum, my dad, my brother. They only care about themselves now.
10 years ago, we used to sit in front of the same television and laugh about comedy skits we used to watch. My father used to always scold me for using my game console too much that I forget doing my homework. My brother, who used to always tease me yet protect me from harm, now lives far away from us by himself. I can’t help but reminisce the memories. All the ups and downs that we’ve been through together. All the laughter, the cries… the love.
Suddenly, the house became so quiet. It was like silence became our loudest scream. The television is now turned off and my mum is hopelessly dying on the ground. I run towards her and carry her at my back. I cry for help but the people ignore me until my mum… lost her last breath.
This planet that I live in now had saved us from extinction, yet it is one of the reasons why we might vanish forever. Mars is not a livable planet. It kills us. I wish I could turn back time. I wish I had the courage to fight before. I wish I did not give up easily.
After my mum died, I had always been outside, at the top of the same skyscraper, watching the people. I never had the guts to go home, because it would just remind me on how I failed to save my mother . I started to hate the idea that I begged and cried for people’s help when I knew that they won’t even help me. After a month, I have seen many lives taken by this planet. Same process, same reason.
I decided to go down and walk on the streets for once. As I was about the cross the road, I felt a stinging pain in my chest. I knew I had to go. I knew it was my time. As I helplessly lie down the ground, coughing blood, I looked at my surroundings. I started to think that I am in Earth. It resembled it, the planet I used to live on. Is this Earth? Am I dreaming? Or am I just blinded by hope that everything will be back the way it was even if I couldn’t experience it anymore? The trees.. the wooden houses… the breeze of the sea… Finally, even before my last breath, I was able to take a look at our old planet once more.
FATE AND FREE WILL ON ROMEO AND JULIET
- How does Shakespeare present the hand of fate in his play Romeo and Juliet?
“Everyone has their fate and the more people try to avoid it, the more trouble they get into.” Most people defined fate as destiny. But what really is fate? Fate is a development of events throughout one’s life that is out of his or her control. Like his other book Macbeth, William Shakespeare showed on instant circumstances the idea of fate in his tragic play, written in the late 1500’s — Romeo and Juliet. References of fate and sometimes, free will, had been mentioned throughout the whole play and this was done through the use of metaphors, different coincidences in plot events, the prologue, premonitions, and even the dialogues of the characters.
William Shakespeare uses a variety of metaphors to present ideas of fate and free will in the play Romeo and Juliet. By the use of metaphors, he attempts to relate Romeo’s life as a voyage. In Act I, Scene 4, Romeo talks about his dream about an “untimely death” that’ll happen after the Capulet’s party where he meets Juliet. Later in the scene he says, “He that hath the steerage of my course, direct my sail…” where Romeo refers himself as a vessel. Shakespeare portrays this through the use of the language ‘course’, ‘steerage’, and ‘sail’. By the use of the capital “H”, we know that the “He” was referring to God. This means that Romeo surrenders his life in God’s hand, and will follow the path that is fated to him. Later on the play on Act V, Scene 3, he extends the metaphor and says, “Thou desperate pilot, now at once run on the dashing rocks thy seasick weary bark…”, indicating that God had failed him which led to his life’s destruction.
Another example Shakespeare had used to show the idea of fate was by using different coincidences throughout the play. There are scenes at the play where by chance, the characters meets a person and that the ‘accidental encounter’ would lead to the next scene. On Act I, Scene 2, Romeo and Benvolio coincidentally met Capulet’s servant at street. The servants asked them to read the list of invitees where Romeo discovers that Rosaline was going to be in the party. Stuck in his one-sided love, he decided to go to the party because of the fact that Rosaline is attending where he said, “I’ll go along no such sight to be shown, but to rejoice in splendour of mine own.” But then he meets Juliet on the party and fell in love with her, forgetting his real reason on why he agreed to attend the party of their rival family. This coincidence was directly connected to fate because if the servant met a different person, then the two lovers would have not met each other. Another example of a coincidence was later in the play in Act V, Scene 2, when the plague stopped the messenger to deliver Friar Lawrence’s message to Romeo. This caused Romeo not knowing on Juliet’s fake death which led to the two lovers killing themselves. The coincidental occurrence of the plague was believed to have been a reference of fate because according religious beliefs back in that time, God was the one who gives diseases to people.
“What is past is Prologue.” The prologue was another indication of fate in the play. In the prologue, even before the play started, it already talked about how ‘a pair of star-crossed lovers take their life,’ which referred to Romeo and Juliet. Through the Prologue, Shakespeare had already given the audience a foreshadow of the play, quoting, “A pair of star-cross’d lovers take their life; Whose misadventur’d piteous overthrows doth with their death bury their parents strife,” indicating that only Romeo and Juliet’s death would stop their family’s grudge with each other. The phrase, ‘star-crossed lovers’ which meant frustrated by the stars was used by Shakespeare in the Prologue to portray that Romeo and Juliet’s love was doomed to fail, because according to those who believe in astrology, stars control human destiny. The Prologue connects to the idea of fate because even before the two lovers met, their destiny was already been decided by someone with a greater force than the characters, that no matter how hard and willingly they try to change it, they would always end up with the same ending, which was their suicide.
Shakespeare also used premonitions to portray the idea of fate. Premonitions are early warnings or a strong feeling of a person that something unpleasant is going to happen in one’s life. Shakespeare made the characters dream of future happenings such as death. He tried to give a prefigure of the death of the two lovers by making them see the death of Romeo in the future. On Act III, Scene 5, as Romeo leaves the Capulet’s house, Juliet had a view of seeing Romeo dead. On the scene, she quoted, “O God! I have an ill-divining soul! Methinks I see thee now, thou art so low, as one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Either my eyesight fails, or thou look’st pale.” The phrase, ‘as one dead in the bottom of the tomb,’ pertains to Romeo being dead below Juliet’s tomb before she woke up on Act V, Scene 3 in the play. Shakespeare also gave Romeo a premonition through giving him dreams of what exactly was going to happen at the end of the play. On Act V, Scene 1 where he said “I dreamt my lady came and found me dead, (Strange dream that gives a dead man leave to think!),” directly related to his death inside the Capulet’s vault where he was dead and Juliet finds him as she woke up. Premonition had been a reference of fate in the play because death had always been unknown, and you don’t know when or where you will die and having almost the same vision of their death seemed like all had been planned beforehand.
The idea of fate was also directly shown in dialogues of the characters in the play. Throughout the whole play, direct references to fate had been mentioned as dialogues written in metaphors. During Romeo and Juliet’s time, the head of the family arranges her daughter to marry a guy, and it was actually rare to decline the guy your father has chosen to marry you. Juliet had declined her parent’s offer to marry Paris and on Act III, Scene 5, Lady Capulet quoted, “I would the fool were married to her grave,” saying that if she doesn’t want to marry Paris, then she might as well marry her grave. The dialogue had been a direct reference of fate because Juliet married Romeo, which was the reason of her death, therefore, we could say that she really did actually married her grave.
A person’s fate may sometimes be inevitable but through free will, you can change that fate allocated to you. However, in Romeo and Juliet’s case, they may have tried to change their fate, but they still ended up facing death. Nevertheless, their death was the cause of something bigger, which was the two families reconciling. They may have not had the happy ending like how books was supposed to end, but at least more lives were saved because the ancient grudge of the two families had finally came to an end.
Act V, Scene III (Final Scene)
Setting: A churchyard, with the tomb of the Capulets.
Characters in Scene: Paris, Juliet, Balthasar, Romeo, Friar Lawrence, Prince, Capulet, Lady Capulet, Montague, Page, Captain of the Watch, Watchmen
After hearing about Juliet’s death, Romeo hurries to Verona. He arrives in the Capulet’s vault together with his kinsman Balthasar. He encounters Paris, who is praying at Juliet’s tomb. Paris provokes Romeo into a fight, but focusing more on his lady’s death, Romeo declines the battle. Paris keeps on urging him to have a duel and so he did. Paris is slain, but before he is, he instructs his Page to go call the ‘Watch’. Romeo then lays Paris on Juliet’s tomb. He drinks the poison he got from the Apothecary and dies.
Friar Lawrence, on the other side, arrives at the churchyard with a lantern, crow, and spade. He encounters Balthasar who was hiding at the churchyard. Friar Lawrence tells Balthasar to go with him to the vault but Balthasar declines as Romeo instructs him not to. The Friar enters himself and saw Paris and Romeo dead. Juliet then was awaken and as noise starts to be heard, the Friar left Juliet. Juliet then gets Romeo’s dagger after discovering that he is dead. She stabs herself and fell on Romeo’s body and died.
Prince, Lady Capulet, Montague, and Capulet then arrives upon being called by the Captain of the Watch. The Friar explains everything to them. They read Romeo’s letter that was supposed to be sent to Old Montague, and confirmed their love for each other. The two families reconciled together, regretting hating each other as this lead to their own children’s death.
Key Quotation: Come, bitter conduct, come, unsavory guide! Thou desperate pilot, now at once run on the dashing rocks thy seasick weary bark! -Romeo
Poison I see hath been his timeless end. O churl, drunk all, and left no friendly drop… -Juliet
See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love! -Prince
Act V, Scene 2
Setting: Friar Lawrence’s cell
Characters in Scene: Friar Lawrence, and Friar John
Friar Lawrence discovers that his letter has not been sent to Romeo. He hurries to the Capulet’s vault to wait for Juliet to wake up for him to take to his cell and write another letter to be sent to Romeo again in Mantua.
Key Quotation: The letter was not nice but full of charge, of dear import and the neglecting it, may do much danger. -Friar Lawrence
Act V, Scene 1
Setting: Wednesday morning at Mantua
Characters in Scene: Romeo, Balthasar, Apothecary
Romeo dreamt that Juliet came to Mantua and sees him dead. Later then Balthasar came from Verona to deliver the news that Juliet is dead. Not getting Friar Lawrence’s letter, Romeo believed that his lady has passed away. He then decides to buy a poison from the Apothecary which he can use at Juliet’s tomb to kill himself there.
Key Quotation: I dreamt my lady came and found me dead. And breath’d such life with kisses in my lips. -Romeo